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Health Matters

World Cancer Day

Dr. Carlos Cardoso . 04/02/2016

Cancer is one of the main causes of death in the planet. Every year, about 8 million people are fallvictims of this high mortality and morbidity disease.

In a general way, cancer has more victims than HIV, tuberculosis and malaria put together. It is estimated that as much as 40% of cancers may be prevented and the rest may be detected in an early stage of its development.

Primary prevention assures control of  disease and delays onset. The following actions are examplesof primary prevention: reducing fat intake, weight loss and maintenance, daily intake of fruits, vegetables and cereals, reducing alcohol consumption, limiting consumption of processed foods and quitting smoking.

Early detection increases chances of success in treatment and cure. Secondary prevention strategies should be monitored in regular appointments either with a General and Family Medicine practitioner or with thespecialist. They should be responsible for prescribing complimentary diagnosis exams, in accordance with results from clinical analysis, pathological anatomy and imaging.

Some examples include: total and free PSA (Prostate-specific antigen) blood test in theprostate carcinoma, Thin-Prep cervical and vaginal cytology + detection and genotyping of human papillomavirus for cervical cancer and colonoscopy for colorectal cancer.

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