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Health Matters

Do you know how important a Gynaecology appointment is?

João Colaço (Gynaecologist) . 10/09/2015

A woman’s health goes through different stages, from adolescence to menopause. In between there is reproductive age, with pregnancy and labour. Each stage has essential aspects and particularities that should be observed.

The Gynaecology appointment is fundamental for achieving and promoting a preventive attitude, performing a pelvic exam (including cervix cytology) and going through a breast exam. In this appointment, important screening tests, such as a mammography and a breast ultrasound, are scheduled.Other aspects may also be monitored: benign gynaecologic pathology (uterine fibroids and ovarian cysts), breast pathology, menopause, female genital prolapse and urinary incontinence, amongst other conditions, basically aiming a preventive approach.

When it comes to the Obstetrics appointment, priority is prenatal monitoring in order to assure the birth of a healthy new-born (or new-borns, should it be a twin pregnancy) and to anticipate possible complications and pregnancy intercurrences.

It is fundamental to plan ahead all necessary appointments, in accordance with each trimester guidelines and the risk level of the pregnancy.

In prenatal monitoring, it is extremely important to perform diagnosis exams specific for each trimester. At the end of the first trimester, there is the obstetric ultrasound aiming to date the pregnancy and to early detect foetal chromosomal changes. There are currently many non-invasive prenatal screening techniques used in accordance with the mother’s age and obstetric ultrasound findings. On the second trimester, the ultrasound for foetal morphological and wellbeing study is performed. In each trimester, blood and urine tests are also performed, in accordance with prenatal care guidelines.

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