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Health Matters

Prevention of Cardiovascular events – make a decision that can change your life

João Leitão (Cardiologist) . 07/04/2015

Cardiovascular diseases are currently responsible for about 1/3 of deaths across the world, in developed and developing countries. These numbers are going up since risk factors also keep increasing.

Risk factors for these diseases are high blood cholesterol, arterial hypertension, obesity, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, bad eating habits and smoking. Most of these risk factors are modifiable but it is necessary to recognize them, evaluate their individual risk and define a customized strategy for effective and lasting risk reduction over time.

Today we know that cardiovascular diseases develop silently years before first symptoms are diagnosed. Unfortunately, sudden and unexpected death is often the first – and last – symptom. Recurring to a cardiovascular risk evaluation programme may help detect these diseases in a pre-clinical stage (before any symptoms are noticed).

Efforts should be taken towards a concerted action involving all society and aiming to promote awareness-raising for the prevention of cardiovascular events. By recommending cardiovascular risk evaluation we are contributing to mortality and morbidity reduction in general population, especially considering asymptomatic high risk persons and their families.

At our clinics, there are cardiovascular prevention programmes, with customized cardiac evaluation, backed-up by the use of advanced diagnosis means, including blood and urine samples, rest and stress ECG tests, Holter 24h test, heart imaging techniques such as Transthoracic Echocardiogram (TTE), cardiac blood flow studies with heart Doppler, CT coronary angiography, cardiac morphology and function MRI, Myocardial Perfusion Imaging (MPI) and 24h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM).

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